Diplomats at United Nations climate talks agree on reporting emissions

Diplomats at United Nations climate talks agree on reporting emissions

The rules will govern the 2015 Paris climate agreement, which becomes operational in 2020, and aims to limit global temperature rises to below two degrees. The likelihood of a deal increased on Friday after a new text was released.

Mr. Guterres, who has made addressing the impacts of climate change one of the top priorities of his term as UN Secretary-General, came three times to Katowice in the past two weeks to support the negotiations but, given the repeated delays, was forced to leave before the closing plenary, due to prior engagements.

As the world's nations agreed in Poland on measures to uphold the 2015 Paris climate deal, President Macron emphasised France's role in the process.

Ministers and negotiators from almost 200 nations were making a final effort on Friday evening to find consensus on the language and sticking points of a package to implement a landmark agreement to combat climate change.

An agreement was reached on how to uniformly count greenhouse gas emissions and if poorer countries feel they cannot meet the standards set, they can explain why and present a plan to build up their capacity in that regard.

But the latest drafts offer little comfort to those countries that also want rich industrial nations to pay for damage already caused by global warming, arguing that they're to blame for most of the carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases humans have pumped into the atmosphere.

The problem of how to acknowledge a special report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change over the feasibility of keeping global temperatures below 1.5 degrees had also made a return, after apparently having been resolved at one stage. The language has later changed to "welcomes the timely completion of", which, too, was unacceptable to several countries.

But with the starkest warnings yet from scientists highlighting the need to drastically slash fossil fuel emissions within the coming decades in order to meet the safer cap of 1.5C warming, delegates were urged to act now or condemn at-risk nations to disaster.

Four nations - the United States, Saudi Arabia, Russia and Kuwait - blocked a proposal for nations to "welcome" the IPCC report as a basis of future climate action.

Market mechanisms provide flexible instruments for reducing the costs of cutting emissions, such as carbon markets. But it's less clear on how a pledge of €90 billion to poorer countries will be financed - or on how a carbon credit scheme might work.

The rules for carbon emissions trading remain a key sticking point.

"If we let entire stretches of this planet become uninhabitable, then it will trigger huge costs", Schulze told reporters, adding that developing technology to lower emissions would give Germany a competitive economic advantage.

One of the key components of the "Katowice package" is a detailed transparency framework, meant to promote trust among nations regarding the fact that they are all doing their part in addressing climate change.

Germany's environment minister said the failure to curb climate change would cost the world a lot more than the trillions Trump claims that he's saving.

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