Nations overcome last-minute divisions to forge climate deal

Nations overcome last-minute divisions to forge climate deal

Almost 200 countries at the United Nations talks in Katowice - in the coal mining region of Silesia - saved the landmark 2015 Paris Agreement from disintegration on Saturday by agreeing a package of guidelines for its implementation.

"The overall guidance reflects the principles of the Paris Agreement and recognises the leadership that developed countries have to display for achieving the objectives of the Paris Agreement", the statement said.

Parties to the 195-nation talks could not even agree to "welcome" the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report on 1.5 deg C, as urged by at-risk nations.

Officials at the talks, which ended late Saturday in the Polish city of Katowice, agreed upon universal rules on how nations can cut emissions.

Rich nations often reduce their emissions by paying for carbon-cutting projects in other countries.

"In Katowice, US negotiators have played a central role in the talks, helping to broker an outcome that is true to the Paris vision of a common transparency framework for all countries that also provides flexibility for those that need it", Mr Keohane said, calling the agreement "a vital step forward in realising the promise of the Paris accord".

"We continue to witness an irresponsible divide between the vulnerable island states and impoverished countries pitted against those who would block climate action or who are immorally failing to act fast enough", executive director of Greenpeace Jennifer Morgan said. "We will all have to be courageous to look into the future and make yet another step for the sake of humanity". Last month, a study found that global warming will worsen disasters such as the deadly California wildfires and the powerful hurricanes that hit the United States this year.

The 156-page rulebook released on Saturday afternoon is not as defined and ambitious as some countries and environmental groups want but most of the package is ready to be approved. Instead, the final statement merely welcomes the "timely completion" of the IPCC report and shuns a stance on its conclusions.

Johan Rockstrom, a scientist who helps to lead the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, called the agreement "a relief".

But this would require a drastic overhaul of the global economy, including ending the use of nearly all fossil fuels.

"As I already said on Thursday night", the COP24 President said.

The Canadian government was dealt a major setback in its effort to establish rules under the Paris accord for the trading of market-based emissions credits, which would facilitate a global marketplace.

The meeting postponed decisions on pledging more ambitious action to fight global warming and on regulating the market for worldwide carbon emissions trading.

Before the talks started, many expected that the deal would not be as robust as is needed as the unity which underpinned the Paris talks has fragmented and one of the worlds biggest emitters, the United States, still intends to leave the pact when it can formally do so in 2020. Until recently, there was also Anger the global trade in pollution rights.

The still technically in the Paris agreement until 2020, which is why American officials participated in the Katowice talks.

The funding of a World Bank pledge of 200 billion US dollars by developed countries over five years to help developing countries cut emissions also remains a major concern.

That included a decision on the mechanics of an emissions trading system and the issue of raising ambitions on climate change. "The political landscape has changed", she told The Associated Press. "We're able to come to solutions". We're able to discuss the issues.

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