US Supreme Court allows Trump’s order to curb asylum seekers

US Supreme Court allows Trump’s order to curb asylum seekers

At issue is a Trump administration policy that would deny asylum to migrants who cross another country to reach the USA unless they first seek and are denied asylum in that other country.

Though some migrants are applying for asylum in Mexico instead of the US, she said "it's not likely" that all potential asylum applications will be routed to other countries.

The UN warned Friday that a US Supreme Court ruling allowing President Donald Trump's administration to implement significant asylum restrictions could have dire implications on people in urgent need of protection.

Two of the justices of the Supreme Court, Sonia Sotomayer and Ruth Bader Ginsberg, dissented on the order.

"The United States is the only option", Dunea Romero, a 31-year-old Honduran, lamented with tears in her eyes at a shelter in Tijuana., which represents tech companies from the Silicon Valley, said the decision was a "massive reversal" of American leadership to protect the most vulnerable people fleeing extreme violence and persecution from around the world.

Whether by separating families of migrants, by drastically limiting the number of asylum applications accepted on a given day or by returning those entering the United States to Mexico to await their hearings, the administration has shown a dogged determination to discourage migration.

The new policy would deny asylum to anyone who passes through another country on the way to the USA without first seeking asylum there.

"But of course we don't know how many of those are formal asylum seekers", he added.

Mexico said on Thursday that it disagreed with the ruling.

"Part of why Sotomayor and Ginsburg voted to dissent is that on the merits, the district court might have got this one right", Stephen Vladeck, a law professor at the University of Texas at Austin, told me.

That gesture has led to a decline in USA apprehensions and rejections of migrants at the border, which totaled 64,000 people in August, down 22% from July and 56% from a high mark in May.

A senior Mexican official who spoke anonymously because the government has not addressed the issue publicly said that, for now, individuals who seek to apply will not fall under a previous provision, called Migrant Protection Protocol.

"We see detention centres crammed with migrants and children, riots, social problems arising, human rights abuses, and rising xenophobia among Mexicans", said Jorge Chabat, a professor of global relations the University of Guadalajara. Ken Cuccinelli, acting director of USA citizenship and immigration services (USCIS), said the agency "will commence implementing the asylum rule asap".

With this policy in place, it doesn't take much of an imagination to see human-smuggling rings turning to ships to deposit asylum seekers on USA soil without crossing through Mexico, in the process recreating in the Gulf of Mexico the kind of problems Europe is facing from migrants sailing across the Mediterranean from North Africa. Second, the rule is inconsistent with statute, which denotes that asylum can only be denied on the basis of having passed through another country if the United States has a "safe third country" agreement with it or if the refugee is already "firmly resettled there", neither of which applies.

"It's unrealistic to assume that they're going to seek asylum in places like Guatemala or Mexico given the danger there that they face, and the lack of a full and fair asylum process in those countries", he said.

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