Libya summit to call for sanctions if ceasefire violated, draft agreement says

Libya summit to call for sanctions if ceasefire violated, draft agreement says

"We achieved this result here".

Libya's two main rival leaders, Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj and General Khalifa Haftar, also came to Berlin. Haftar's forces are backed by Egypt, Russia and the United Arab Emirates, while the Tripoli government has turned to Turkey for troops and weapons.

He praised the two countries' efforts to establish a cease-fire in Libya, saying Russian Federation and Turkey took good steps, and called on the warring sides to abide by the truce.

A call for a ceasefire from Russia and Turkey helped reduce fighting a week ago, Russian President Vladimir Putin said ahead of a meeting with Turkish counterpart Tayyip Erdogan on the sidelines of the conference.

Touching on the peacebuilding process in northern Syria, he said, "If we realise our own plans and projects in the region between Ras al Ayn and Tal Abyad, these areas will become cities of peace".

Meanwhile, the U.S. Secretary of State said during a meeting with Turkey's Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu on January 19 that Washington was also concerned about the presence of foreign fighters in Libya.

United Nations experts and diplomats say Russian military contractors in recent months have deployed alongside Haftar's LNA, which has also received air support from the U.A.E. and backing from Jordan and Egypt.

She added the conference hadn't discussed specific sanctions for violating the arms embargo.

The summit's final statement said the participants "call on all actors to refrain from any activities exacerbating the conflict or inconsistent with the (U.N.) arms embargo or the ceasefire, including the financing of military capabilities or the recruitment of mercenaries". The Berlin conference said future distribution of oil revenues could be addressed in any political talks.

"It must be a mission to monitor the embargo and nothing else", he said.

"The people of Libya have suffered enough; it is time for the country to move forward".

Just hours before the meeting began, Sarraj raised doubts about Haftar's agenda, saying that "long experience makes us doubt the intentions, seriousness, and commitment of the other side, whom everyone know seeks powers at any price".

"We spoke with them individually because the differences between them are so great that they aren't speaking with each other at the moment", Merkel said.

He said countries that weren't invited on January 19 will be given the opportunity to participate in future meetings of the four committees dealing with various aspects of the crisis, among them military issues and the economy.

"As long as there are some tangible changes [at these meetings], we might see the process moving on", said Gazzini. Only offshore fields and one smaller facility remain operational, the corporation said.

Guterres said at the start of the conference that world leaders "are here for an urgent and pressing reason: to stop Libya's downward spiral".

Merkel said she thought enforcing the embargo would allow for political solutions to the conflict since it is "fuelled by proxies".

The Berlin agreement immediately was met with some skepticism, however.

A United Nations arms embargo has been in place since 2011, but enforcement has been weak and foreign powers have supplied their Libyan allies.

Foreign powers agreed at a summit in Berlin on Sunday to shore up a shaky truce in Libya, which has been in turmoil since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, as two rival governments in the east and the west vie for power and energy resources.

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