Women creators of gene ‘scissors’ clinch chemistry Nobel

Women creators of gene ‘scissors’ clinch chemistry Nobel

The duo published their findings in June 2012, seven months before the Broad Institute group, which however successfully filed a series of USA patent applications and says its gene editing technology is better.

The pair join scientific luminaries such as Marie Curie, who won in 1911, and more recently, Frances Arnold, in 2018. The technology is now in use at labs around the world, including at CRISPR Therapeutics, a biotech company co-founded by Charpentier, which is developing a gene-editing treatment for sickle cell disease and beta thalassemia alongside partner Vertex Pharma. They are the sixth and seventh women to win the prize for chemistry.

But responsible use of this technology has the power to improve the lives of millions of people, she wrote.

"It has not only revolutionised basic science, but also resulted in innovative crops and will lead to ground-breaking new medical treatments".

In September, an global panel of experts issued a report saying it's still too soon to try to make genetically edited babies because the science isn't advanced enough to ensure safety, but they mapped a pathway for any countries that want to consider it.

"Today's Nobel Prize in Chemistry recognizes CRISPR-Cas9, a super-selective and precise gene-editing tool where chemistry plays an incredibly important role", Luis Echegoyen, the president of the American Chemical Society, of which Doudna is a member, says in a statement.

He added that any set of genes can now be edited, or changed, "to fix genetic damage".

Doudna told The Associated Press of her own surprise - including that she learned she'd won from a reporter.

"I absolutely agree that both Charpentier and Ghez will be role models for young women in science because then it becomes more "normal" to see women winning these prizes and for younger scientists not to think that this is the domain of an old white man", Roisin Owens, biochemical engineer at University of Cambridge, told AFP. "But obviously it is real so I have to get used to it now".

Now, she said: "All my focus is on science - I believe in what I am doing as a scientist". "I was sound asleep". Doudna is now the Li Ka Shing Chancellor Chair Professor in the Department of Chemistry and the Department of Molecular and Cell Biology at UC Berkeley, and she has founded and co-founded multiple startups using CRISPR technology for multiple bioengineering purposes, including agriculture and the treatment of genetic disorders. Doudna completed her Ph.D. from Harvard Medical School, and is now the Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, USA and Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

The Nobel Foundation announced last month it was increasing the amount awarded for individual prizes to 10 million kronor (US$1.1 million), from 9 million kronor previously, to reflect a rise in the returns generated on its capital.

Together, they succeeded in recreating the bacteria's genetic scissors in a test tube and simplifying the scissors' molecular components so they were easier to use.

On Monday, the Nobel Committee awarded the prize for physiology and medicine for discovering the liver-ravaging hepatitis C virus.

Annual prizes for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, peace and literature were established in the will of Alfred Nobel, the Swedish inventor of dynamite, who died in 1896.

Related Articles

  • Motorola Razr 5G India Launch Highlights: Clamshell foldable phone costs Rs 124,999

    Motorola Razr 5G India Launch Highlights: Clamshell foldable phone costs Rs 124,999

    The foldable smartphone has a 48-megapixel primary camera, which doubles up as the selfie camera when the phone is folded. While the phone's pre-booking has started today, it will go on sale from October 12 at retail stores and on Flipkart .
    TV presenter Zef Eisenberg tragically killed in record attempt

    TV presenter Zef Eisenberg tragically killed in record attempt

    North Yorkshire Police said an investigation into the crash was ongoing. "Please do not try to access the airfield at this time". The racer holds a Guinness world record for exceeding 225mph (363kmh) in a turbine-powered motorbike, which he set in 2015.
    Asia Today: Australia, New Zealand to partially open borders

    Asia Today: Australia, New Zealand to partially open borders

    New Zealand will not accept Australian travellers without quarantine until there is no community transmission for a month. The bulk of restrictions will only be eased when the average for new daily cases over a two-week window falls below five.
  • Samsung Galaxy S20 FE Launching in India Today: Expected Price, Specifications

    Samsung Galaxy S20 FE Launching in India Today: Expected Price, Specifications

    We'll be doing side-by-side camera comparisons between the Galaxy S20 FE and the Galaxy S20 and the Pixel 4a later this week. Samsung Galaxy S20 FE price and availability The Samsung Galaxy S20 FE has been launched in India at a price of ₹49,999.
    Tropical Storm Gamma may form from 1 of 2 systems in Caribbean

    Tropical Storm Gamma may form from 1 of 2 systems in Caribbean

    Thunderstorm banding has become a little better defined this afternoon but otherwise not much has changed since this morning. Some strengthening is forecast, and the depression is expected to become a tropical storm by Saturday morning.
    French qualifier Gaston stuns former champ Wawrinka at Roland Garros

    French qualifier Gaston stuns former champ Wawrinka at Roland Garros

    Also, No. 27-seeded American Taylor Fritz reached the third round by serving 16 aces in a straight-set victory over Radu Albot . Sinner opened the tournament by upsetting No.11 seed David Goffin. "I played my best match so far this year at Roland Garros".
  • EU's Ursula von der Leyen in Isolation After Exposure to COVID-19

    EU's Ursula von der Leyen in Isolation After Exposure to COVID-19

    High-risk contacts refer to contact longer than 15 minutes in an enclosed space and with less than 1.5 meters of distance. This was reported by Interfax-Ukraine , citing a statement by European Commission spokesman Eric Mamer.
    India's coronavirus death toll passes 100,000 with no sign of an end

    India's coronavirus death toll passes 100,000 with no sign of an end

    Health experts warn the move has the potential for the virus to spread during the upcoming religious festival and winter season. Infection probabilities ranged from 4.7-10.7 per cent for low-risk and high-risk contact types, respectively.

    How Technology Changed Gaming

    They are as popular as Fortnite’s second chapter that, according to techradar.com , will be talked about for some time. The gaming industry as a whole now has games with demanding graphics that can be played on a phone as well as on a computer.
  • In Texas, Cries of Voter Suppression

    In Texas, Cries of Voter Suppression

    The Federal Bureau of Investigation said it has not seen a "coordinated national voter fraud effort during a major election ". The state is one of only five that is prohibiting voters fearful of exposure to covid-19 from casting mail ballots this fall.
    'Need For Speed Hot Pursuit Remastered' arrives on November 6th

    'Need For Speed Hot Pursuit Remastered' arrives on November 6th

    In NFSHP you could play out a career as either a street racer or a cop for the Seacrest County PD. This remaster will be presented with updated visuals across all platforms.
    Transfer deadline day: All the latest deals as they happen

    Transfer deadline day: All the latest deals as they happen

    Sporting director Hasan Salihamidzic said: " Douglas will strengthen us on the outer flanks that are important for our game". Manchester United Transfer News Latest Update: Atalanta Youngster Amad Traore Set To Sign With Red Devils .